The NIH is a very credible source. Their investigation's results are more shocking that the expose` on the Dr Oz show and more thorough. IMO any MD doing this procedure should be arrested and put in a cage for life or put in a room with me and the door locked.
If your heart goes berserk after you had the ESI it is because the butcher injected the toxic solution into your blood stream. The data is up to 12 people in 100 get it injected into a vein or artery and up to 16 in 100 develop arachnoiditis which is incurable and other serious complication such as death.
From the NIH Report
Multiple type of spinal injections, whether epidural/translaminar or transforaminal, facet injections, are offered to patients with/without surgical spinal lesions by pain management specialists (radiologists, physiatrists, and anesthesiologists). Although not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), injections are being performed with an increased frequency (160%), are typically short-acting and ineffective over the longer-term, while exposing patients to major risks/complications.
Multiple recent reports cite contaminated epidural steroid injections resulting in meningitis, stroke, paralysis, and death. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) specifically identified 25 deaths (many due to Aspergillosis), 337 patients sickened, and 14,000 exposed to contaminated steroids. Nevertheless, many other patients develop other complications that go unreported/underreported: Other life-threatening infections, spinal fluid leaks (0.4-6%), positional headaches (28%),adhesive arachnoiditis (6-16%), hydrocephalus, air embolism, urinary retention, allergic reactions,intravascular injections (7.9-11.6%), stroke, blindness, neurological deficits/paralysis, hematomas, seizures, and death.
Although the benefits for epidural steroid injections may include transient pain relief for those with/without surgical disease, the multitude of risks attributed to these injections outweighs the benefits.
MDs know the odds of serious harm or death but they do them anyway. They also know that they are totally ineffective and extremely dangerous in the cervical spine but they do them anyway. American MDs are more evil than ISIS because ISIS members believe that what they are doing serves God. MDs know without a doubt what they are doing is wrong but they do it anyway. Some will plead ignorance but they would be lying. I wish a life of agony of the fucking lot of them.